The term urologist refers to a medical professional who deals with everything and anything related to the urinary system. On the other hand, the term gynecologist refers to a medical professional who deals with all things related to the female reproductive system. If you combine the both of these fields, you will get a urogynecologist as a subspecialty. In simple terms, a urogynecologist can be either an OB-gynecologist or a urologist that takes special care of women who suffer from pelvic and urology problems.
For anything and everything related to obstetrics and gynecology, you can rest assured that these urogynecologists can take care of them. Moreover, they have undergone additional training when it comes to the treatment and evaluation of female pelvic organ conditions as well as the conditions that the connective tissues and muscles supporting these organs might have. When such a training is done, they can then help women deal with the gynecologic problems that they are going through that are non-cancerous in nature but maybe due to childbirth, aging, or menopause using either non-surgical or surgical treatment methods. The common issues that these urogynecologists treat affect one out of four women. This number is quite alarming because it is more than the numbers of women who are suffering from depression, diabetes, and hypertension.
Some of the most common pelvic floor disorders that any urogynecologists can treat include uterine prolapse, bladder prolapse, vaginal prolapse, fecal incontinence, and urinary incontinence. The condition you call prolapse is seen among aging women where their female organs will fall down into their pelvic area. Most prolapse cases come with incontinence since these conditions have been considered to be a result the damage that the pelvic floor has acquired after giving childbirth. But then, while a child is being delivered is the main cause of these two conditions, there are still other causative factors that lead to them. Suffering from severe constipation, chronic coughing, and obesity and doing daily heavy lifting as required by the job are other factors that have been shown to be present among most women suffering from incontinence and prolapse.
When it comes to these pelvic floor disorders, urogynecologists can either treat them using pharmacological, surgical, or behavioral means. Behavioral changes are often the first thing that most urogynecologists do to deal with the condition of their patients like changing their diet and exercise pattern before deciding to go with surgical interventions. Ensuring that the patients adhere to a strict diet is often key before acquiring other types of treatment since most common causes of bladder irritation involve some poor beverage and food choices. Most urogynecologists will also advise doing some pelvic muscle exercises for women to have stronger sphincter muscles. If behavioral changes fail, then being prescribed some medications and undergoing surgery are what comes next.